Innovative navigation capabilities to safeguard against GNSS positioning cyber security threats as part of the onboard cyber risk management approach

The reality of the problem
For more than a decade, attacks on satellite navigation systems have become a common occurrence. The maritime and aerial navigation sectors are constantly affected by such aggressions as they strongly rely on the GNSS signal. Many ships have already been victims of several cases of attacks. For example, between June 22 and 24, 2017 many ships operating in the Black Sea were reported to be in Russian airports following interferences identified in GPS signals. At least 20 vessels reported that their AIS systems erroneously indicated their position as being at Gelendzhik Airport in Russia. In July 2019, a British oil tanker, the Stena Impero, was seized by Iranian authorities after being diverted from its route, through manipulation of GPS signals, to end up in Iranian waters. The US House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure reports that the same year, an airliner nearly crashed into a mountain after a case of GPS jamming. There are many other examples of such aggressions.

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